Gedanken lesen für Einsteiger – An welche Zahl denkst du gerade?

//Gedanken lesen für Einsteiger – An welche Zahl denkst du gerade?

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Gedankenleser wie Derren Brown, Jan Becker oder Thorsten Havener können nicht wirklich Gedanken lesen.

Ihre Tricks basieren in erster Linie auf Zaubertricks, mit welchen sie die Probanden in die Irre leiten. Zum anderen haben sie aber auch ein gutes Verständnis von der Funktionsweise des menschlichen Gehirns.

Unter bestimmten Umständen lässt sich nämlich – mit gewisser Wahrscheinlichkeit – vorhersagen, was eine Person als nächstes Denken wird…


Keywords: Subliminale Beeinflussung – Gedanken lesen – Priming – Zahlen – Derren Brown


 

Besprochene Studien:

Kubovy, M. (1977). Response availability and the apparent spontaneity of numerical choices.  Journal of Experimental  Psychology: Human Perception and Performance , 3: 359 – 364.

– Versuchspersonen: 306 Studenten

a) “Write down the first number between 1000 and 9999 that comes to mind!”

b) “Write down the first four-digit number that comes to mind!”

Kubovy_gedanken lesen


 

Literatur:  

Brugger P, Regard M (1998) Modern number magic: choosing one’s wedding date. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 87, 1081-1082.

Brugger P, Loetscher T, Graves RE, Knoch D: Semantic, perceptual, and number space: relations between category width and spatial processing, Neuroscience Letters; 2007, 418(2): 133-137

Dehaene, S., Naccache, L., Cohen, L., Le Bihan, D., Mangin,J.-F., Poline, J.-B., et al. (2001). Cerebral mechanisms of word masking and unconscious repetition priming. Nature Neuroscience, 4, 752–758.

Dehaene, S., & Naccache, L. (2001). Towards a cognitive neuroscience of consciousness: Basic evidence and a workspace framework. Cognition, 79, 1–37.

Dehaene, S., Naccache, L., Le Clec’H, G., Koechlin, E., Mueller,M., Dehaene-Lambertz, G., et al. (1998). Imaging unconscious semantic priming. Nature, 395, 597–600.

Grimmer, M. R., & White, K. D. (1986). Psychics and ESP: The role of population stereotypes. Australian Psychologist, 21, 405-411.

Hill,  T.  (1988)  Random-number  guessing  and  the  first  digit  phenomenon.  Psychological  Reports  62,  967-71

Kouider S, Dehaene S. (2009). Subliminal number priming within and across the visual and auditory modalities. Exp Psychol. 2009;56(6):418-33. doi: 10.1027/1618-3169.56.6.418.

Loetscher T, Bockisch CJ, Nicholls MER, Brugger P: Eye position predicts what number you have in mind, Current Biology; 2010, 20(6): R264-265.

Loetscher T, Bockisch CJ, Brugger P: Looking for the answer: the mind’s eye in number space, Neuroscience; 2008, 151(3): 725-729

Reynvoet, B., M. Brysbaert, and W. Fias. 2002. Semantic priming in number naming. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Section A55: 1127–1139.

Schulz M-A, Schmalbach B, Brugger P, Witt K ( 2012) Analyzing humanly generated random number sequences: a pattern-based approach. PLoS ONE 7(7) e41531, doi:10.1371

Stieger, S., & Krizan, Z. (2013). Cultural influences on number preferences: Christmas and grading systems. The Psychological Record, 63, 185-192.

Towse JN, Loetscher T, Brugger P (2014) Not all numbers are equal: preferences and biases among children and adults when generating random sequences. Frontiers in Developmental Psychology.

Turner NE. (2010). Lottery ticket preferences as indicated by the variation in the number of winners. J Gambl Stud. 2010 Sep;26(3):421-39. doi: 10.1007/s10899-009-9171-7.

Meyer, D.E. & Schvaneveldt, R.W. (1971). Facilitation in recognizing words: Evidence of a dependence upon retrieval operations. Journal of Experimental Psychology,90,227–234.

2017-10-20T17:45:39+00:00